Animal First Aid
Bite wounds that are superficial, minor cuts and grazes
Bathe carefully with a saline solution, do your best to discourage your pet
from licking the wound. Even a small bite wound will need antibiotics so contact your vet straight away. With other
minor wounds always watch for infection and inflammation, if this occurs, contact your vet for
Bite wounds that a clearly deep, deep cuts of any kind
Do not attempt to clean a wound of this nature apply a heavy dressing and if
there is a lot of bleeding apply pressure to the wound, contact your vets immediately.
Attempt the removal of the sting. If it is a wasp sting bathe and apply
vinegar, if it is a bee sting bathe and apply bicarbonate of soda, each technique will help reduce swelling,
contact your vet for advice. Monitor your pets breathing in case of an allergic reaction, if you feel there is any
need for concern contact you vet urgently.
Cold water is the only thing you should apply, saturate for at least five
minutes, and do not interfere with the area. Contact your vet urgently.
If you suspect a broken bone or dislocation, your animal will display
distress and an unwillingness to move the injury. Restrain the animal the best, most comfortable way possible
taking care to avoid the injury (see Emergency Transportation) contact your vet
getting the animal to the vets with urgency.
Attempt to remove the substance with mild detergent as quickly as you can.
Remember your pet will automatically try to clean their selves and if the substance was poisonous this could do
them real harm, always remove the substance and then rinse with copious amounts of water. If the soiling is
excessive contact you vet. If you notice your pet being to salivate excessively contact your vet
urgently as this may indicate ingestion or mouth damage.
Contact your vet giving as much information as you can on what the animal
may have picked up. You vet will advise you on the best course of action.
A two person job that should only be attempted for a few moments before,
if unsuccessful, take the animal to the vet. One holds the animal and open jaw can the second person se the
object? Is it in easy reach? If so remove with pliers or something similar. However if the object is further back
and you attempt removal in this way, you may well push the object further in. Instead, while one holds the animal
the second person should place fingers at the base of the jaw and apply pressure inwards and upwards in an attempt
to expel the object/ball. Contact you vet for advice even if you are successful in case of other injury.
Once you have safely removed your pet from the water, never put yourself in
danger! Hold animal by hindquarters, suspending upwards, hopefully this will help expel water; swinging then animal
gently may help encourage breathing. (If not see Resuscitation). Contact your nearest vet
Is the shock Low Voltage? Then turn off the
power supply; never touch your pet before you have done this! If animal is
unconscious check for signs of breathing, if none, attempt resuscitation (see Resuscitaion). Give
first aid to any burns (see Burns) and take to vets as quickly as possible.
Is the shock High Voltage? (Power lines, stations etc) Do not attempt to rescue your pet if it is still
within 20 yards (18 metres) of the power source! Dial 999 ask for the police. Do not allow anyone else to go
to your pet. Once told you can rescue you pet apply resuscitation techniques and then first aid to any burns,
contact your nearest vet urgently.
Can occur if animal is confined in hot weather or has just had too much sun.
Check first that there is no other issue, such as choking. If not remove pet to cool area and attempt to cool down,
using water and ice pack, a cold hose spray can help a lot. Do this for at least five minutes. Even if an apparent
recovery is made, still contact your vet for advice.
If your pet appears listless, with no other external signs, check their gums,
healthy gums are pink and when pressed gently turn white at the point of pressure returning to pink when pressure
is released. An animal in shock will have white or very pale gums that do not alter when gentle pressure is
applied. It is important to keep your animal warm and make no sudden or alarming movements. Contact you vet for
If you animal is having a fit, it may show signs of disorientation, may
collapse or move erratically. DO NOT PANIC. Do not approach your pet, Leave an area around it that is
safe and free form any opportunity for it to injure itself, keep the situation quiet and calm, turn off TV or
bright lights which could adversely effect the animal. Wait until the fit is completely over in order to reduce the
chance of injury to you or your pet. Contact your vet for advice.
If your pet has a series of fits this is even more serious and you must seek urgently veterinary help.
If an animal faints, collapsing loosing consciousness, ensure the airway is clear and your pet is still breathing
then contact your vet for advice. Always take your vets advice on the best way to approach or move your
If your pet has a surface foreign object or other irritant in the eye,
prevent them from rubbing the eye, use copious amounts of luke warm water to bathe the eye taking great care not to
apply pressure to the surface of the eye, contact you vet and take to vets at once.
A foreign object protruding from the eye, must not be touched, prevent pet form rubbing it, contact you
vet and go straight to the vets.
If the eye is bulging out, maybe out of its socket, do not apply any pressure whatsoever, place a cold very
wet compress over the eye for protection, contact your vet and take to vets at once.
Check to see if the animal is breathing by listening and
Pull the tongue forward and remove any debris, mud or obstruction
If by now the animal has not displayed signs of breathing, lay the animal on
its side, check for a heartbeat. If you can hear nothing apply firm intermittent pressure on its chest.
Stop look and listen for signs of breathing.
If so far you have been unsuccessful, then you must try to get air into the
animal's lungs. Move the head forward, straightening the neck as you extend it firmly but gently. Close the
animal's mouth tight and blow hard up the animals nose for a short time until you see the chest inflate. Continue
until your hear the animal gasp. Move your face away at this point for safety as even the most docile of animal to
bite in panic at this moment.
If you have now been successful take your pet to the vets as soon as you
When transporting an injured animal to the vets the key is to get then there
without causing further injury and with minimum discomfort.
If a dog can walk, allow it to walk slowly to the vehicle and assist it to
get in gently.
A cat or small animal of any kind should be transported in their normal carry
case or a box with a blanket where they are secure and safe, remember even though your animal is injured and you
are worried, there is nothing to be gained by allowing it to be loose in the vehicle and possibly panicking part
way through the journey and causing an accident.
Small and medium dogs should be carried in the horizontal position, one arm
around their shoulders and the other arm around their rear, all four legs should be level with your hips or there
For a large dog use a strong blanket with at least 2 carrying two corners
each. Make sure the blanket is strong, as you do not want it ripping half way to the car.
Above all do not panic.
Avoid loud noises or sudden movements and make sure your pet can see you
Look around; ensure there is no further danger to either of you, speaking
gently to your pet all the time.
Keep to movement of your animal to the minimum, administer first aid to
injuries where possible, keeping the animal warm.
Contact your vet if possible; however if you do not have a phone just
transport the animal to the vets as quickly as possible.
This page explains what neutering is and wether your pet needs it.
This page explains about vaccinations for cats and dogs.
When your cat or dog needs worming.
- Flea Control
How to control fleas on cats and dogs.
- Mange Treatment
How to treat Fox mange and prevention.
- Natural Calming
Natural calming mixtures for cats and dogs.
Registered Charity 1072094